Câu Đồng Nghĩa Trong Tiếng Anh

Đây là đông đảo cấu trúc đổi khác cấu trúc ngữ pháp của câu dẫu vậy vẫn giữ nguyên nghĩa ,giúp việc áp dụng tiếng Anh không biến thành lặp lại về cấu trúc câu


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Đây là phần lớn cấu trúc đổi khác cấu trúc ngữ pháp của câu nhưng mà vẫn không thay đổi nghĩa ,giúp việc sử dụng tiếng Anh không xẩy ra lặp lại về cấu tạo câu


MỘT SỐ CẤU TRÚC VIẾT LẠI CÂU THƯỜNG GẶP

LÝ THUYẾT:Cấu trúc thích cái gì đó

S + be + interested in + N/ V-ing.

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=S + enjoy + N/V-ing

=S + be + keen on + N/V-ing

Ex: I’m interested in traveling.

= I enjoy traveling.

= I’m keen on traveling.

2.Dùng Should rứa cho If trong câu đk loại 1.

If + S + V, S + will/shall + V + O

= Should S + V, S + will/shall + V + O

Ex: If he kicks the dog, he will be biten.

=> Should he kick the dog, he will be biten.

3.Dùng một số liên từ đặc biệt quan trọng thay đến If trong câu đk loại 1.

If + S + V, S + will/shall + V + O

= S + will/shall + V + O in case S + V

= S + will/shall + V + O provided/providing S + V

= S + will/shall + V + O on the condition that S + V

Ex: The President will succeed in the election If he/she gets over Two Third (2/3) of the total number of votes

= The President will succeed in the election on the condition that he/she gets over Two Third (2/3) of the total number of votes

Viết lại câu biến đổi giứa When và Since/For

S + V_quá_khứ_đơn + O + when + mốc thời gian.

 = S + have/has + PII + Since/For + thời gian.

Chú ý: Since đi với cùng 1 mốc thời hạn còn For đi với một khoảng thời gian

Ex: - I have learnt English for 10 years.

She has played piano since 1998.

Ex: I played the guitar when I was on high school.

=> I have played the guitar since I was on high school.

5.  It’s adj (for Sb) to bởi vì sth

=> Doing sth be ADJ (for sb)

=> S find Ving/ it/ N + ADJ to vì chưng sth

Ex: It’s difficult for me lớn learn English.

= Learning English is difficult for me.

= I find it hard lớn learn English.

= I find learning English difficult.

6.Cấu trúc bắt đầu làm gì

S + began / started + lớn V/ V-ing + time ago

= S + have/has + P2 / been Ving+ for / since …

Ex: She began to play the piano 5 years ago

=> She has played/ has been playing the piano for 5 years.

7.Cấu trúc Even though với Despite

 Despite + N/V_ing, S + V + O

= Even though S + V + O, S + V + O

Ex: Despite having a lot of money, he’s still lonely..

=> Even though he has a lot of money, he’s still lonely.

8.Viết lại câu cùng với “high time”

 S + should/must/ought to + V

= It’s high time S + V-ed + O

Ex: The Minister of Ministry of Education và Training should take solutions to deal with cheating on exams.

=> It’s high time The Minister of Ministry of Education and Training took solutions to giảm giá with cheating on exams.

9.So sánh tuyệt nhất

*Đối với tính tự dài

This is + the most + adj + N + S + have/has + V (P2)

=S + have/has + never + V (P2) + such a/an + adj + N

=S + have/ has + never + V (P2) + a more + adj + N than this

*Đối với tính từ ngắn

This is the + adj - est + N + S + have/has + V(P2)

= S + have/has+ never + V (P2) + such a/an + adj + N

=S + have/ has + never + V (P2) + adj - er + N than this

Ex : This is the most interesting novel I have ever read.

=> I have never read such an interesting novel.

=> I have never read a more interesting novel than this (one/ novel).

10.Succeed in doing sth = manage to vị sth

VD: We succeeded in digging the Panama cannel

= We managed to lớn dig the Panama cannel

 

B.Bài tập :

I/Rewrite:

1.I enjoy playing football.

=>……………………………………………………………………………………….

=>……………………………………………………………………………………….

2. I’m keen on learning a new language.

=>………………………………………………………………………………………..

=>…………………………………………………………………………………………

3.Do you enjoy playing tennis ?

=>…………………………………………………………………………………………

=>…………………………………………………….…………………………………..

4. He ‘s not interested in working in an office.

=>………………………………………………………………………………………….

=>…………………………………………………………………………………………..

5.If the weather is fine we will go picnic.

=>Should…………………………………………………………………………………

6. If he lends me some money, I will buy that house.

=>Should………………………………………………………

7.

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 If you should meet her,tell her to call me.

=>Should……………………………………………………….

8. If you should run into Tom, tell him he owes me a letter. 

=>Should…………………………………………………………

 9.Should Mary study hard, she will pass her exam.

=>If………………………………………………………………..

 10.My mother will let me use her phone on the condition that I finish my homework.(If)

 =>………………………………………………………………….

11.If it’s sunny we’ll go lớn the beach. (Provided)

=>…………………………………………………………………….

12.He won’t go with us if you don’t talk khổng lồ him. (On the condition)

=>……………………………………………………………………

13.I started learning Chinese four years ago.(For)

=>……………………………………………………………………

14.He began to lớn cook when he was eight. (since)

=>…………………………………………………………………….

15.I have lived in Hanoi since I was still a student. (when)

=>………………………………………………………………………

Key

1.I’m interested in playing football.

I’m keen on playing football.

2.I enjoy learning a new language.

I’m interested in learning a new language.

3.Are you keen on playing tennis?

Are you interested in playing tennis?

 4.He doesn’t enjoy working in an office.

He’s not keen on working in an office

 5.Should the weather be fine, we will go picnic.

 6.Should he lend some money,I will buy that house

 7.Should you meet her,tell her to hotline me.

 8.Should you run into Tom,tell him he still owe me a letter.

 9.If Mary study hard,she will pass her exam.

10.My mother will let me use her phone if I finish my homework.

11.We’ll go khổng lồ the beach provided that it’s sunny.

12.He will go with us on the condition that you talk to him.

13.I have learned Chinese for 4 years.

14.He has cooked since he was eight years old.

15.I started living in Hanoi when I was still a student.

II/Choose the best answer

I find it difficult khổng lồ make friends at school.It’s difficult for me to make friends at school.Make friends at school is difficult for me.Making friends at school for me is difficult.It’s difficult to lớn make friends for me at school.

2.He finds it unpleasant to work at a noisy place.

 A.He likes lớn work at a noisy place.

 B.It’s difficult lớn work at a noisy place.

 C.Working at a noisy place makes him feel unpleasant.

 D.He find a noisy place is unpleasant lớn work at.

 3.It’s difficult for Tim to learn foreign languages.

 A.Tim finds it difficult to learn foreign languages.

 B.Tim finds difficult in learning foreign languages.

 C.Learning foreign language is not difficult for Tim.

D.Learning foreign language is found difficult.

4. We will accept your job application size provided that you have good qualifications.

A.We will accept your job application khung because you have good qualifications.

B. We will accept your job application form providing that you have good qualifications.

C.We will accept your job application form as you have good qualifications.

D.We will accept your job application form unless you have good qualifications.

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